Treatment of Perfluorinated Alkyl Substances in Wash Water Using Granular Activated Carbon and Mixed-Media
Szabo, Jeff, J. Hall, AND M. Magnuson. Treatment of Perfluorinated Alkyl Substances in Wash Water Using Granular Activated Carbon and Mixed-Media. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-17/175, 2017.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Homeland Security Research Center partnered with the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to build the Water Security Test Bed (WSTB) at the INL test site outside of Idaho Falls, Idaho. The WSTB has service connections to simulate water demands, fire hydrants, and removable coupons to collect samples from the pipe interiors. This report contains the results from testing conducted to evaluate the treatment of large volumes of water containing perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS). Reported are conclusions and observations about the performance and implementation of adsorptive treatment of AFFF contaminated water, based on the testing performed at the INL WSTB.