Science Inventory

Using exposure prediction tools to link exposure and dosimetry for risk-based decisions: A case study with phthalates

Citation:

Moreau, M., J. Leonard, K. Phillips, J. Campbell, S. Pendse, C. Nicolas, M. Phillips, M. Yoon, C. Tan, S. Smith, H. Pudukodu, K. Isaacs, AND H. Clewell. Using exposure prediction tools to link exposure and dosimetry for risk-based decisions: A case study with phthalates. CHEMOSPHERE. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 184:1194-1201, (2017).

Impact/Purpose:

It has been suggested that first step in the process to develop a risk assessment strategy should involve exposure assessment. More and more exposure estimation tools are now being developed, particularly for use in high-throughput (HT) screening risk assessments. While these tools are typically intentionally conservative, there still remains a need to evaluate their accuracy and uncertainty. One way of performing this evaluation is to compare the exposure estimates from different tools with biological monitoring data. In this study, we demonstrate the use of reverse dosimetry to evaluate alternative exposure prediction tools using phthalates as a case study

Description:

A few different exposure prediction tools were evaluated for use in the new in vitro-based safety assessment paradigm using di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) and dibutyl phthalate (DnBP) as case compounds. Daily intake of each phthalate was estimated using both high-throughput (HT) prediction models such as the HT Stochastic Human Exposure and Dose Simulation model (SHEDS-HT) and the ExpoCast heuristic model and non-HT approaches based on chemical specific exposure estimations in the environment in conjunction with human exposure factors. Reverse dosimetry was performed using a published physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for phthalates and their metabolites to provide a comparison point. Daily intakes of DEHP and DnBP were estimated based on the urinary concentrations of their respective monoesters, mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP) and monobutyl phthalate (MnBP), reported in NHANES (2011–2012). The PBPK-reverse dosimetry estimated daily intakes at the 50th and 95th percentiles were 0.68 and 9.58 μg/kg/d and 0.089 and 0.68 μg/kg/d for DEHP and DnBP, respectively. For DEHP, the estimated median from PBPK-reverse dosimetry was about 3.6-fold higher than the ExpoCast estimate (0.68 and 0.18 μg/kg/d, respectively). For DnBP, the estimated median was similar to that predicted by ExpoCast (0.089 and 0.094 μg/kg/d, respectively). The SHEDS-HT prediction of DnBP intake from consumer product pathways alone was higher at 0.67 μg/kg/d. The PBPK-reverse dosimetry-estimated median intake of DEHP and DnBP was comparable to values previously reported for US populations. These comparisons provide insights into establishing criteria for selecting appropriate exposure prediction tools for use in an integrated modeling platform to link exposure to health effects.

URLs/Downloads:

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.06.098   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 10/01/2017
Record Last Revised: 07/19/2017
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 336975

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY

COMPUTATIONAL EXPOSURE DIVISION

HUMAN EXPOSURE & DOSE MODELING BRANCH