You are here:
IN VITRO CULTURE OF POSTIMPLANTATION HAMSTER EMBRYOS
Ebron-McCoy, M., P. Beyer, L. Oglesby, AND R. Kavlock. IN VITRO CULTURE OF POSTIMPLANTATION HAMSTER EMBRYOS. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/J-88/491 (NTIS PB90197781), 1990.
In vitro culture of intact rat and mouse embryos has been described extensively, but information on the culture of other species is sparse. The present study examined some culture requirements of early somite stage hamster embryos and assessed the embryotoxic effects of sodium salicylate (SS), a direct acting chemical and cyclophosphamide (CP), a proteratogen, on these embryos. Hamster embryos explanted on gestation days (GD) 8 and 9 were cultured in Waymouth's embryo-hepatocyte co-cultlvation medium (WEHC), 70% McCoy's 5A medium-30% male rat serum (MMRS) or 100% male rat serum (MRS) for 24 hours under various oxygen concentrations. Embryos cultured GD 8 to 9 in the various media grew and differentiated much as they did in vivo, while embryos cultured GD 9 to 10 grew best in MMRS as compared to embryos at the same stage in vivo. Embryos exposed to SS in MMRS at concentrations of 250, 300, or 400 ug/ml showed dose related embryotoxicity which included CNS defects, absence of hind limb bud formation, and lack of axial rotation. Hamster embryos co-cultivated with pregnant hamster hepatocytes and treated with 2.5, 6.25 and 12.5 ug/ml of CP, showed dose-dependent toxicity when compared to co-cultivated controls. Hamster embryos develop extensively in culture over a 24 hour period. This system may therefore provide a valuable tool for evaluating the species differences of a variety of potential teratogens and embryotoxins and allow the comparison of these embryotoxic effects between rat, mouse and hamster during similar stages of organogenesis.
URLs/Downloads:IN VITRO CULTURE OF POSTIMPLANTATION HAMSTER EMBRYOS
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (REPORT)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY