EPA Science Inventory

Life-Cycle Assessment of Cookstove Fuels in India and China

Citation:

Cashman, S. Life-Cycle Assessment of Cookstove Fuels in India and China. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-15/325, 2016.

Description:

A life cycle assessment (LCA) was conducted to compare the environmental footprint of current and possible fuels used for cooking within China and India. Current fuel mix profiles are compared to scenarios of projected differences in and/or cleaner cooking fuels. Results are reported for a suite of relevant life cycle impact assessment indicators: global climate change, energy demand, fossil depletion, water consumption, particulate matter formation, acidification, eutrophication and photochemical smog formation. Traditional fuels demonstrate notably poor relative performance in particulate matter formation, photochemical oxidant formation, freshwater eutrophication, and black carbon emissions. Most fuels demonstrate trade-offs between impact categories. Stove efficiency is found to be a crucial variable determining environmental performance across all impact categories. The study shows that electricity and many of the processed fuels, while yielding emission reductions in homes at the point of use, transfer many of those emissions upstream into the processing and distribution life cycle stage.

Purpose/Objective:

To conduct LCA study of the cookstove fuels being used in India and China to determine how fuels and stoves compare based on a holistic assessment considering the LCA environmental tradeoffs

URLs/Downloads:

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF COOKSTOVE FUELS IN INDIA AND CHINA

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PUBLISHED REPORT/REPORT)
Start Date: 07/17/2016
Completion Date: 07/17/2016
Record Last Revised: 11/03/2017
Record Created: 08/01/2016
Record Released: 08/01/2016
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 322551

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL DIVISION

EMISSIONS CHARACTERIZATION AND PREVENTION BRANCH