Science Inventory

National Assessment of Tree City USA Participation According to Geography and Socioeconomic Characteristics

Citation:

Berland, A., D. Herrmann, AND M. Hopton. National Assessment of Tree City USA Participation According to Geography and Socioeconomic Characteristics. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry. International Society of Arboriculture, Champaign, IL, 42(2):120-130, (2016).

Impact/Purpose:

Our findings indicate that communities with smaller populations, lower education levels, and higher minority populations are underserved regionally by Tree City USA, and future efforts should identify and overcome barriers to participation in these types of communities.

Description:

Tree City USA is a national program that recognizes municipal commitment to community forestry. In return for meeting program requirements, Tree City USA participants expect social, economic, and/or environmental benefits. Understandingthe geographic distribution and socioeconomic characteristics of Tree City USA communities at the national scale can offer insights into the motivations or barriers to program participation, and provide context for community forestry research at finer scales. In this study, researchers assessed patterns in Tree City USA participation for all U.S. communities with more than 2,500 people accordingto geography, community population size, and socioeconomic characteristics, such as income, education, and race. Nationally,23.5% of communities studied were Tree City USA participants, and this accounted for 53.9% of the total population in these communities. Tree City USA participation rates varied substantially by U.S. region, but in each region participation rates were higher in larger communities, and long-term participants tended to be larger communities than more recent enrollees. In logistic regression models,owner occupancy rates were significant negative predictors of Tree City USA participation, education and percent white populationwere positive predictors in many U.S. regions, and inconsistent patterns were observed for income and population age. The findings indicate that communities with smaller populations, lower education levels, and higher minority populations are underserved regionally by Tree City USA, and future efforts should identify and overcome barriers to participation in these types of communities.

URLs/Downloads:

http://auf.isa-arbor.com/articles.asp?JournalID=1&VolumeID=42&IssueID=2   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 03/01/2016
Record Last Revised: 05/19/2016
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 314010

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY DIVISION

CLEAN PROCESSES BRANCH