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Green Infrastructure Management Techniques in Arid and Semi-arid Regions: Software Implementation and Demonstration using the AGWA/KINEROS2 Watershed Model
Korgaonkar, Y., I. Burns, J. Barlow, D. Guertin, C. Unkrich, D. Goodrich, AND W. Kepner. Green Infrastructure Management Techniques in Arid and Semi-arid Regions: Software Implementation and Demonstration using the AGWA/KINEROS2 Watershed Model. In Proceedings, SedHyd Meeting, Reno, NV, April 19 - 23, 2015. Urban & Fischer Verlag, 1771-1782, (2015).
Increasing urban development in the arid and semi-arid regions of the southwestern United States has led to greater demand for water in a region with limited water resources and has fundamentally altered the hydrologic response of developed watersheds. Green Infrastructure (GI) practices are being widely adopted to mitigate the impacts of development on water quantity and quality. However, Geographic Information System (GIS) based watershed tools for rapid GI planning and assessment that operate from the lot-to-subdivision-to-watershed level are lacking. The Automated Geospatial Watershed Assessment (AGWA) tool was modified to allow the design and placement of a small set of GI practices in order to simulate urban hydrology with and without GI features. This software development effort was undertaken to take advantage of the advanced, physically-based infiltration algorithms and geometric flexibility of the Kinematic Runoff and Erosion (KINEROS2) watershed model. The resulting software provides an up-to-date GIS GI assessment framework that automatically derives model parameters from widely available spatial data. The software is also capable of manipulating GI features and simulating at the lot-scale within a graphical interface to conveniently view and compare simulation results with and without GI features. The AGWA GI software was tested at the lot level with and without GI features to validate the water balance and to verify steady state runoff rates. Testing was also conducted at the subdivision level, without GI features, as high-resolution rainfall-runoff observations were available from a subdivision in Sierra Vista, Arizona. Testing at both these scales confirmed programming integrity and the capability to realistically simulate urban hydrology, indicating that the software can realistically represent and simulate storm runoff responses for the selected GI features. The AGWA GI tool offers a foundation for the incorporation of a broader array of GI features.
This work provides environmental protection managers and practitioners with an ability to evaluate a selected set of Green Infrastructure (GI) features relative to low impact development in arid and semi-arid regions. Specifically, the Automated Geospatial Watershed Assessment (AGWA) hydrologic modeling and watershed assessment tool has been modified to help facilitate environmental assessment related to GI practices at multiple scales (lot, subdivision, and small watershed). The AGWA GI tool can be a used to inform planning decisions related to urban development and storm water management and will be useful in understanding expected differences in storm water runoff between neighboring developments or natural environments.
URLs/Downloads:KEPNER ORD-011378 PROCEEDINGS GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE MGMT AGWA-KINEROS2 MODEL.PDF (PDF,NA pp, 1169.5 KB, about PDF)
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LAB
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES DIVISION
LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY BRANCH