Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM)‐New Functionality for Predicting Changes in Distribution of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation in Response to Sea Level Rise.Version 1.0
Lee, H., D. Reusser, M. Frazier, L. McCoy, AND J. Clough. Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM)‐New Functionality for Predicting Changes in Distribution of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation in Response to Sea Level Rise.Version 1.0. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, 601R14007, 2014.
In the Pacific Northwest (PNW), beds of the native seagrass Zostera marina provide critical habitat for juvenile salmon, dungeness crabs, migratory shore birds, and benthic assemblages. Because of their narrow depth distribution, these beds of submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) are potentially vulnerable to sea level rise. The impacts of sea level rise on tidal marshes have been evaluated in multiple locations using the moderate resolution model “Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model” (SLAMM), but the current version of SLAMM does not model SAV habitat. To address this limitation, we developed a predictive modeling framework based on studies in PNW estuaries. This model framework was incorporated into version 6.3 of SLAMM. We also provided R scripts for users to generate the model coefficients for estuaries where data layers of SAV exist. After generating site-specific model coefficients, a user can input them directly into the revised version of SLAMM to predict changes in SAV. This new functionality provides researchers and managers a readily available methodology to generate first-order approximations of how the distribution of Zostera marina will change in PNW estuaries in response to sea level rise.
Submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) is an ecologically important habitat world-wide. In Pacific Northwest (PNW) estuaries, SAV in the lower intertidal and shallow subtidal habitats are dominated by the native seagrass, Zostera marina also referred to as submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV). Because of its narrow depth range, these seagrass beds are potentially vulnerable to sea level rise (SLR). The “Sea-Level Affecting Marshes Model” (SLAMM) is a moderate resolution model frequently used to predict the effects of sea level rise on marsh habitats; however a limitation of the current version of SLAMM is that it does not model SAV. Because of the ecological importance of SAV habitats, U.S. EPA, USGS, and USDA partnered with Warren Pinnacle Consulting to enhance the SLAMM modeling software to include new functionality to predict changes in Zostera marina distribution in response to sea level rise. Based on known distributions of Zostera marina in the Yaquina Bay Estuary, Oregon, we developed a logistic regression model to predict SAV distributions from readily available GIS parameters. Additionally, an R script was developed that can be used to generate the model coefficients for other estuaries where GIS layers of SAV are available. Then, this model was added as a new functionality in version 6.3 of SLAMM. Once the site-specific model coefficients are generated in an estuary, they can be directly input into SLAMM to predict the effects of SLR on SAV distributions under different climate change scenarios.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PUBLISHED REPORT/REPORT)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY
WESTERN ECOLOGY DIVISION
PACIFIC COASTAL ECOLOGY BRANCH