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Anthrax and the Geochemistry of Soils in the Contiguous United States
Griffin, D., E. Silvestri, C. Bowling, T. Boe, S. David, AND T. Nichols. Anthrax and the Geochemistry of Soils in the Contiguous United States. Geosciences. MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland, 4(3):114-127, (2014).
Soil geochemical data from sample sites located in counties that reported cases or outbreaks of anthrax since 2000 were evaluated against counties within the same states (MN, MT, ND, NV, OR, SD and TX) that did not report cases or outbreaks. These data identified the elements Ca, Mn, P and Sr as having statistically significant differences in concentrations between county type (anthrax occurrence versus no occurrence) within the total data set or in a majority of the states. Preliminary elemental threshold values present prospective investigative tools that can be refined through future high-resolution studies and present a path forward for understanding the geochemical constraints of other pathogens.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HOMELAND SECURITY RESEARCH CENTER
THREAT AND CONSEQUENCE ASSESSMENT DIVISION