EPA U.S. Nine-region MARKAL DATABASE, DATABASE DOCUMENTATION
Lenox, C., R. Dodder, C. Gage, Dan Loughlin, O. Kaplan, AND W. Yelverton. EPA U.S. Nine-region MARKAL DATABASE, DATABASE DOCUMENTATION. US Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH, EPA/600/B-13/203, 2013.
The purpose of this document is to describe in detail the EPA U.S. MARKAL database.
The evolution of the energy system in the United States is an important factor in future environmental outcomes including air quality and climate change. Given this, decision makers need to understand how a changing energy landscape will impact future air quality and contribute to meeting mitigation targets and adaptation goals. Energy scenario analyses, incorporating drivers of emissions such as technological advances, population growth, fuel availability and utilization, and consumer choice, give important insights into the environmental effects of the changing energy system. To perform such scenario analyses, a detailed representation of the energy system is needed. To address this need, the EPA’s Energy and Climate Assessment Team (ECAT) developed a nine-region representation of the U.S. energy system for use in scenario analysis within the MARKAL modeling framework.