You are here:
Syntrophic interactions between H2-scavenging and anode-respiring bacteria can improve current density in microbial electrochemical cells
Gao, Y., H. Ryu, J. Santodomingo, AND H. Lee. Syntrophic interactions between H2-scavenging and anode-respiring bacteria can improve current density in microbial electrochemical cells. Bioresource Technology. Elsevier Online, New York, NY, 153:245-253, (2014).
High current density of 10.0-14.6 A/m2 and COD removal up to 96% were obtained in a microbial electrochemical cell (MEC) fed with digestate at hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 4d and 8d. Volatile fatty acids became undetectable in MEC effluent (HRT 8d), except for trivial acetate (4.16±1.86 mg COD/L). Accumulated methane only accounted for 3.42% of ∆COD. Pyrosequencing analyses showed abundant fermenters (Kosmotoga spp.) and homoacetogens (Treponema spp.) in anolytes. In anode biofilm, propionate fermenters (Kosmotoga, and Syntrophobacter spp.), homoacetogens (Treponema spp.), and anode-respiring bacteria (ARB) (Geobacter spp. and Dysgonomonas spp.) were dominant. These results imply that syntrophic interactions among fermenters, homoacetogens and ARB would allow MECs to keep high current density and coulombic efficiency.
This study focused on understanding the relatioship between homoacetogens and anode-respiring bacteria in wastewater reactors
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION
MICROBIAL CONTAMINANTS CONTROL BRANCH