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Developing Watershed Level Indicators for Predicting Aquatic Condition in Stream Networks
Kuhn, A., N. Smucker, Jim Lake, J. Serbst, AND Mike Charpentier. Developing Watershed Level Indicators for Predicting Aquatic Condition in Stream Networks. Presented at U.S. International Association for Landscape Ecology (US-IALE), Anchorage, AK, May 18 - 22, 2014.
Landscape level information is critical for resource managers to monitor, assess and prioritize protection and restoration efforts within individual watersheds. Spatial landscape indicators incorporate information on natural infrastructure (undeveloped and vegetated riparian areas necessary to maintain and support aquatic ecosystems) and stressors (impervious cover, land use alterations, excessive nutrient loads, altered flow regimes, etc.) and relate these to aquatic condition in stream networks. Using the Narragansett Bay watershed in northeastern US, we developed spatial indicators that reflect and predict the aquatic condition of streams within the NBW. Water quality and a number of biotic responses were quantified for more than 100 stream sites across an environmental gradient of impervious cover. We included spatial measures of physical processes such as in-stream flow, hydrologic connectivity, index of alteration for the ‘Active River Area’ (floodplains, streamside wetlands, material contribution zones), and stream site physical habitat. Additional landscape indicators related stream riparian buffers and upstream watershed condition to shifts in measured nutrient concentrations and trophic structure of food webs, as evidenced by δ15N and δ13C in periphyton and macroinvertebrates. The landscape indicators are being developed using a number of GIS methods to evaluate appropriate scale (e.g. stream reach, buffer widths and distances, upstream watershed-catchment characterization) and to accommodate spatial considerations (e.g., spatial autocorrelation and spatial arrangement of land use/land cover) when linking land use/land cover to stream response indicators.
Watershed-specific information is critical for resource managers to address issues within individual watersheds. The objective of this reseach is to develop methods and indicators that will contribute to national assessments of watershed and aquatic resource condition. The approach involves the development of watershed indicators that incorporate information on natural infrastructure (undeveloped and vegetated areas necessary to maintain and support aquatic ecosystems) and stressors (anthropogenic and natural) and relate these to indicators of aquatic condition (including indicators of stream, lake, wetland, and estuarine condition). Once validated, these watershed indicators could then be used to map watershed and aquatic resource condition nationally.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB
ATLANTIC ECOLOGY DIVISION
POPULATION ECOLOGY BRANCH