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Prediction of aquatic toxicity mode of action using linear discriminant and random forest models
Martin, T. M., Chris M. Grulke, D. M. Young, C. L. Russom, N. Y. Wang, C. R. Jackson, AND M. G. Barron. Prediction of aquatic toxicity mode of action using linear discriminant and random forest models. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling. ACS Publications, Washington, DC, 53(9):2229-2239, (2013).
The purpose of this paper was to develop models for predicting aquatic toxicity modes of action. The benefit of this is that it will enable EPA to predict toxicity for new compounds using a model for the correct mode of action. This will aid researchers to produce more accurate estimates of toxicity for risk assessments.
The ability to determine the mode of action (MOA) for a diverse group of chemicals is a critical part of ecological risk assessment and chemical regulation. However, existing MOA assignment approaches in ecotoxicology have been limited to a relatively few MOAs, have high uncertainty, or rely on professional judgment. In this study, machine based learning algorithms (linear discriminant analysis and random forest) were used to develop models for assigning aquatic toxicity MOA. These methods were selected since they have been shown to be able to correlate diverse datasets and provide an indication of the most important descriptors. A dataset of MOA assignments for 924 chemicals was developed using a combination of high confidence assignments, international consensus classifications, ASTER (ASessment Tools for the Evaluation of Risk) predictions, and weight of evidence professional judgment based an assessment of structure and literature information. The overall data set was randomly divided into a training set (75%) and a validation set (25%) and then used to develop linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and random forest (RF) MOA assignment models. The LDA and RF models had high internal concordance and specificity, and were able to produce overall prediction accuracies ranging from 84.5-87.7% for the validation set. These results demonstrate that computational chemistry approaches can be used to determine the acute toxicity MOAs across a large range of structures and mechanisms.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY DIVISION
CLEAN PROCESSES BRANCH