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Sub-lethal glyphosate exposure alters flowering phenology and causes transient male-sterility in Brassica spp
Londo, J., J. McKinney, M. Schwartz, Michael A. Bollman, C. Sagers, AND Lidia S. Watrud. Sub-lethal glyphosate exposure alters flowering phenology and causes transient male-sterility in Brassica spp. BMC Plant Biology . BioMed Central Ltd, London, Uk, 14(70):10, (2014).
Herbicide resistance in weedy plant populations can develop through different mechanisms such as gene flow of herbicide resistant transgenes from crop species into compatible weedy species or by natural evolution of herbicide resistance or tolerance following selection pressure. Results from our previous studies suggest that sub-lethal levels of the herbicide glyphosate can alter the pattern of gene flow between glyphosate resistant canola, Brassica napus, and glyphosate sensitive genotypes of B. napus and B. rapa. The objectives of this study were to examine the phenological and developmental changes that occur in Brassica crop and weed species following sub-lethal doses of the herbicides glyphosate and glufosinate. We examined several vegetative and reproductive traits of potted plants under greenhouse conditions, treated with sub-lethal herbicide sprays. Our results indicate that exposure to a sub-lethal dose of glyphosate in Brassica spp. has the potential for altering flowering and gene flow processes. Flowering of all sensitive species was significantly delayed. Reproductive function, specifically male fertility, was suppressed as well. The implications of these results include the potential for increased glyphosate resistance evolution and spread in weedy communities exposed to low-dose glyphosate.
This study examined the phenological and developmental changes that occur in Brassica crop and weed species following sub-lethal doses of the herbicides glyphosate and glufosinate. Results demonstrated that exposure to a sub-lethal dose of glyphosate altered reproductive processes in Brassica spp. lacking transgenes conferring herbicide resistance. Flowering of sensitive species was significantly delayed, and transient male sterility occurred, which could increase the outcrossing potential of herbicide resistant species relative to herbicide sensitive species, thus increasing the proportion of resistant genotypes in weedy communities exposed to glyphosate spray drift. Because herbicides are the primary means of control of non-native and invasive species in non-agronomic settings, increased herbicide resistance in these communities would impede control efforts.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB
WESTERN ECOLOGY DIVISION
ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS BRANCH