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Ecological impacts of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
BARRON, M. G. Ecological impacts of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Presented at Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR, August 05 - 10, 2012.
Invited platform presentation at Ecological Society of America annual meeting
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (DWH) was the largest environmental disaster and response effort in United States history, with nearly 800 million liters of crude oil spilled. Vast areas of the Gulf of Mexico were contaminated with oil, including deep ocean communities and over 1600 km of shoreline. Multiple species of pelagic, tidal, and estuarine organisms, sea turtles, marine mammals and birds were impacted by free product, dispersed oil, and weathered oil, and over 20M hectares (~40%) of the Gulf of Mexico were closed to fishing. Several large scale field efforts were undertaken both during the DWH spill and following capping and killing of the well, including assessments of shoreline oiling, wildlife oiling, and the condition of coastal waters and sediment. The assessment of injuries and damages from the DWH spill, including impacts on human well being, rates of oil weathering, and restoration options, is ongoing.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY
GULF ECOLOGY DIVISION
BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS AND POPULATION RESPONSE BRANCH