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Nutrient Dynamics in Flooded Wetlands. II: Model Application
Kalin, L., M. M. HANTUSH, S. Isik, A. Yucekaya, AND T. Jordan. Nutrient Dynamics in Flooded Wetlands. II: Model Application. JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGIC ENGINEERING. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Reston, VA, 18(12):1724-1738, (2013).
In this paper we applied and evaluated the wetland nutrient model described in an earlier paper. Hydrologic and water quality data from a small restored wetland located on Kent Island, Maryland, which is part of the Delmarva Peninsula on the Eastern shores of the Chesapeake Bay, was used for this purpose. The model was assessed through various means against observed data in simulating nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and total suspended sediment (TSS) dynamics. Time series plots of observed and simulated concentrations and loads in general compared well, with better performance with dissolved forms of nitrogens, i.e., ammonia and nitrate. Through qualitative and quantitative sensitivity analysis, dominant processes in the study wetland were scrutinized. Nitrification, plant uptake and mineralization were the most important processes affecting ammonia. Denitrification in the sediment layer and diffusion to bottom sediments were identified as key processes for nitrate. Settling and resuspension were the most important processes for particulate matter (organic N, sediment) and sediment-bound phosphate (inorganic P). Order of parameter sensitivities and dominant processes exhibited seasonality. Uncertainty bands created from Monte Carlo simulations showed that parameter uncertainty is relatively small; however, uncertainty in the wetland inflow rates and loading concentrations have much more bearing on model predictive uncertainty. N, P and TSS mass balance analysis showed that the wetland removed about 23%, 33%, and 46%, respectively, of the incoming load (runoff + atmospheric deposition) over the two year period, with more removal in year 1, which had a long stretch of a dry period. The developed model can be employed for exploring wetland response to various climatic and input conditions as well as for deeper understanding of key processes in wetlands.
To evaluate the performance of a process-based N and P wetland model when appliled to a restored wetland on the Eastern shores of Maryland.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
LAND REMEDIATION AND POLLUTION CONTROL DIVISION
ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSORS MANAGEMENT BRANCH