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Hydrologic and Pollutant Removal Performance of a Full-Scale, Fully Functional Permeable Pavement Parking Lot - paper
BORST, M., T. P. OCONNOR, A. Rowe, AND E. K. Stander. Hydrologic and Pollutant Removal Performance of a Full-Scale, Fully Functional Permeable Pavement Parking Lot - paper. In Proceedings, WEFTEC 2011, Los Angeles, CA, October 17 - 19, 2011. Water Environment Federation, Alexandria, VA, Session 3, (2011).
To meet the need for long-term, full-scale, replicated studies of permeable pavement systems used in their intended application (parking lot, roadway, etc.) across a range of climatic events, daily usage conditions, and maintenance regimes to evaluate these systems, the EPA’s Urban Watershed Management Branch (UWMB) installed an instrumented, fully functional, 110-space pervious pavement parking lot to be used by EPA facility staff. The UWMB is monitoringwater quantity and quality parameters in side-by-side porous asphalt (PA), porous concrete (PC), and permeable interlocking concrete paver (ICP) systems. The monitoring plan allows the EPA to document the performance of the three permeable pavements, identify environmental stressors in the infiltrate, and measure infiltrate volume. This site is equipped for long-term monitoring and the effect of regular maintenance will be investigated by examining changes in surface infiltration rates with time. Preliminary results indicate no significant changes in surface infiltration rates of the three permeable surfaces during the first year of use. Surface infiltration rates are significantly different among the three surfaces, with the PC having the largest measured rate and PA the lowest rate. Infiltrate from ICP had significantly larger SSC concentrations than infiltrate from PC and PA. This pattern may be explained by larger void spaces in the small aggregate (AASHTO #8 and #57) bedding and choking layers compared to the pore spaces in the PC and PA surfaces. Infiltrate heavy metals concentrations were measured across a broad spectrum of heavy metals, with varied results.
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Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION
URBAN WATERSHED MANAGEMENT BRANCH