Science Inventory

Suspended sediment concentration and optical property observations of mixed-turbidity, coastal waters through multispectral ocean color inversion

Citation:

ESTAPA, M., E. BOSS, C. ROESLER, AND B. A. SCHAEFFER. Suspended sediment concentration and optical property observations of mixed-turbidity, coastal waters through multispectral ocean color inversion. Presented at American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) Ocean Sciences 2012, Salt Lake City, UT, February 19 - 24, 2012.

Impact/Purpose:

To present an alternative semi-analytical algorithm that utilizes both high- and low-gain bands on the MODIS-Aqua sensor for derivation of suspended sediments concentration in coastal Louisiana.

Description:

Multispectral satellite ocean color data from high-turbidity areas of the coastal ocean contain information about the surface concentrations and optical properties of suspended sediments and colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM). Empirical and semi-analytical inversion algorithms published to date are insufficient to retrieve this information when suspended sediment concentrations exceed order 102 g m-3, however. This is in part because high-gain “ocean” bands on orbiting sensors saturate over bright, turbid waters, and because of the difficulty of obtaining satellite/in situ field match-ups under high-turbidity conditions that persist for short periods of time. We present an alternative semi-analytical algorithm that simultaneously utilizes high- and low-gain bands on the MODIS/Aqua sensor, and is tuned for coastal Louisiana using mass-specific inherent optical properties of local suspended sediments. The multispectral inversion method is applicable to both moderate and high turbidity conditions. We discuss the sensitivity of the algorithm to optical model assumptions, and compare inverted sediment and CDOM IOPs from MODIS/Aqua imagery to published data for the study region.

URLs/Downloads:

GED-11-3324.PDF   (PDF,NA pp, 30 KB,  about PDF)

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Product Published Date: 02/19/2012
Record Last Revised: 01/16/2013
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 238844

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

GULF ECOLOGY DIVISION

ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS AND EFFECTS BRANCH