Formulation of Chlorine and Decontamination Booster Station Problem
HAXTON, T. M., R. MURRAY, W. Hart, K. Klise, AND C. Phillips. Formulation of Chlorine and Decontamination Booster Station Problem. In Proceedings, World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2011, Palm Springs, CA, May 22 - 26, 2011. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Reston, VA, 199-205, (2011).
A commonly used indicator of water quality is the amount of residual chlorine in a water distribution system. Chlorine booster stations are often utilized to maintain acceptable levels of residual chlorine throughout the network. In addition, hyper-chlorination has been used to disinfect portions of the distribution system following a pipe break. Consequently, it is natural to use hyper-chlorination via multiple booster stations located throughout a network to mitigate consequences and decontaminate networks after a contamination event. Many researchers have explored different methodologies for optimally locating booster stations in the network for daily operations. In this research, the problem of optimally locating chlorine booster stations to decontaminate following a contamination incident will be described.