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Nutrient Dynamics In Flooded Wetlands. I: Model Development
HANTUSH, M. M., L. Kalin, S. Isik, AND A. Yucekaya. Nutrient Dynamics In Flooded Wetlands. I: Model Development. JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGIC ENGINEERING. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Reston, VA, 18(12):1709-1723, (2013).
Wetlands are rich ecosystems recognized for ameliorating floods, improving water quality and providing other ecosystem benefits. In this part of a two-paper sequel, we present a relatively detailed process-based model for nitrogen and phosphorus retention, cycling and removal in flooded wetlands. The model captures salient features of nutrient dynamics and accounts for complex interactions among various physical, biogeochemical, and physiological processes. The model simulates oxygen dynamics and impact of oxidizing and reducing conditions on nitrogen transformation and removal, and approximates phosphorus precipitation and releases into soluble forms under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, respectively. Nitrogen loss pathways of volatilization and denitrification are explicitly accounted for on physical basis. Processes in surface water and the bottom active soil layer are described by a system of coupled ordinary differential equations. A finite-difference numerical scheme is implemented to solve the coupled system of ordinary differential equations for various multiphase constituents' concentrations in the water column and wetland soil. The numerical solution algorithm is verified against analytical solutions obtained for simplified transport and fate scenarios. Quantitative global sensitivity analysis revealed consistent model performance with respect to critical parameters and dominant nutrient processes. A hypothetical phosphorus loading scenario shows that the model is capable of capturing the phenomenon of phosphorus precipitation and release under oxic and anoxic conditions, respectively.
The objective of this paper is to improve the dynamics of nutrient retention, removal and cycling in flooded wetlands and develop a computationally simple nutrient wetland model given the details of processes being modeled.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
LAND REMEDIATION AND POLLUTION CONTROL DIVISION
ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSORS MANAGEMENT BRANCH