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PHYTOREMEDIATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL AND GROUND WATER AT HAZARDOUS WASTE SITES (EPA/540/S-01/500)
Pivetz, B. PHYTOREMEDIATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL AND GROUND WATER AT HAZARDOUS WASTE SITES (EPA/540/S-01/500). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., 2001.
The purpose of this issue paper is to provide a concise discussion of the processes associated with the use of phytoremediation as a cleanup or containment technique for remediation of hazardous waste sites. Introductory material on plant processes is provided. The different forms of phytoremediation are defined and their applications are discussed. The types of contaminated media and contaminants that are appropriate for phytoremediation are summarized. Information is provided on the types of vegetation that have been studied or used in phytoremediation. The advantages and disadvantages of phytoremediation are discussed, and some cost information is provided. Considerations for design of a phytoremediation system are introduced; however, this issue paper is not a design manual.