Science Inventory

Comparative analysis of the traditional plaque assay and real-time QPCR- and NanoSight-based assays for enumerating bacteriophage particles

Citation:

Anderson, B., M. H. Rashid, C. Carter, G. Pasternack, C. Rajanna, T. Revazishvili, T. R. DEAN, A. Senecal, AND A. Sulakvelidze. Comparative analysis of the traditional plaque assay and real-time QPCR- and NanoSight-based assays for enumerating bacteriophage particles . Bacteriophage. Landes Bioscience, Austin, TX, 1(2):86-93, (2011).

Impact/Purpose:

Bacteriophages are increasingly being utilized and considered for various practical applications, ranging from decontaminating foods and inanimate surfaces to human therapy; therefore, it is important to determine their concentrations quickly and reliably. Traditional plaque assay (PA ) is the current “gold standard” for quantitating phage titers. However, it requires at least 18 h before results are obtained, and they may be significantly influenced by various factors. Therefore, two alternative assays based on the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (QPC R) and NanoSight Limited (NS) technologies were recently proposed for enumerating phage particles. The present study compared the three approaches’ abilities to quantitate Listeria monocytogenes-, Escherichia coli O157:H7- and Yersinia pestis-specific lytic phages quickly and reproducibly. The average coefficient of variation (CVS) of the PA method including all three phages was 0.15. The reproducibility of the PA method decreased dramatically when multiple investigators performed the assays, and mean differences of as much as 0.33 log were observed. The QPC R method required costly equipment and the synthesis of phage-specific oligonucleotide primers, but it determined phage concentrations faster (within about 4 h) and more precisely than did PA (CVS = 0.13). NS technology required costly equipment, was less precise (CVS = 0.28) than the PA and QPC R methods, and only worked when the phages were suspended in clear medium. However, it provided results within 5 min. After the overall correlation is established with the PA method, either of the two assays may be useful for quickly and reproducibly determining phage concentrations.

Description:

Journal Article

URLs/Downloads:

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE TRADITIONAL PLAQUE ASSAY AND REAL-TIME QPCR- AND NANOSIGHT-BASED ASSAYS FOR ENUMERATING BACTERIOPHAGE PARTICLES    Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 03/09/2011
Record Last Revised: 10/24/2012
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 233768

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HOMELAND SECURITY RESEARCH CENTER

DECON AND CONSEQUENCE MANAGEMENT DIVISION