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The establishment of genetically engineered canola populations in the U.S.
Schafer, M. G., A. A. Ross, J. P. Londo, C. A. BURDICK, E. LEE, S. E. Travers, P. K. Van de Water, AND C. L. Sagers. The establishment of genetically engineered canola populations in the U.S. PLoS ONE . Public Library of Science, San Francisco, CA, 6(19):e25736 1-4, (2011).
Concerns regarding the commercial release of genetically engineered (GE) crops include naturalization, introgression to sexually compatible relatives and the transfer of beneficial traits to native and weedy species through hybridization. To date there have been few documented reports of escape leading some researchers to question the environmental risks of biotech products. In this study we conducted a systematic roadside survey of canola (Brassica napus) populations growing outside of cultivation in North Dakota, USA, the dominant canola growing region in the U.S. We document the presence of two escaped, transgenic genotypes, as well as non-GE canola, and provide evidence of novel combinations of transgenic forms in the wild. Our results demonstrate that feral populations are large and widespread. Moreover, flowering times of escaped populations, as well as the fertile condition of the majority of collections suggest that these populations are established and persistent outside of cultivation.
The potential ecological risk of escape of genetically engineered (GE) crops from agricultural fields to non-cultivated areas is expected to increase with increasing adoption and cultivation of GE crops.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB
WESTERN ECOLOGY DIVISION
ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS BRANCH