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Multimetric Fish Indices for Midcontinent (USA) Great Rivers
PEARSON, M. S., T. R. ANGRADI, D. W. BOLGRIEN, T. M. JICHA, D. L. TAYLOR, M. F. MOFFETT, AND B. H. HILL. Multimetric Fish Indices for Midcontinent (USA) Great Rivers . TRANSACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN FISHERIES SOCIETY. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD, 140(6):1547-1564, (2011).
As part of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program for Great River Ecosystems we developed a fish-assemblage based multimetric index (Great River Fish Index,GRFIn) as an indicator of ecological conditions in the Lower Missouri, impounded Upper Mississippi, unimpounded Mississippi, and Ohio Rivers. We compiled and tested 81 candidate fish metrics for their ranges and predicted responses to an empirical stressor gradient based on water chemistry, human disturbance, and landscape measures. Redundant metrics were eliminated and final reach-specific GRFIn’s included 8-10 metrics scored on a continuous scale from 0-10 (10=good). Condition class thresholds were calculated by trisecting the condition range (difference between the y-intercept of the Q=95 percentile quantile regression and 5th percentile of sample). Cumulative distribution functions for each river or reach showed that 44% ± 8 of the Lower Missouri River, 51%± 20 of the unimpounded Upper Mississippi, 43± 8 of the impounded Upper Mississippi, and 39± 7 of the Ohio River to be in most disturbed condition. Validation of GRFIn showed that slopes of the development and validation datasets were not significantly different (p=0.05).
To document research results.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB
MID-CONTINENT ECOLOGY DIVISION
WATERSHED DIAGNOSTICS RESEARCH