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Toxicology of Perfluoroalkyl Acids*
LAU, C. Toxicology of Perfluoroalkyl Acids*. Presented at 2009 national Forum on Contaminants in Fish, Portland, OR, November 02 - 05, 2009.
The perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are a family of organic chemicals consisting of a perfluorinated carbon backbone (4-12 in length) and an acidic functional moiety (carboxylate or sulfonate). These compounds are chemically stable, have excellent surface-tension reducing properties and have numerous industrial and consumer applications. However, they are ubiquitously distributed and highly persistent in the environment, and present in humans and wildlife. The rates ofPFAA elimination and their body burden accumulation appear to be dependent on carbon-chain length, functional moieties, and animal species. Recent laboratory studies have indicated a host of adverse health effects associated with exposure to PFAAs; these include carcinogenicity, hepatotoxicity, developmental toxicity, immunotoxicity, neurotoxicity and endocrine disruption. The modes of PFAA actions are not well understood, but are thought to involve in part, activation of nuclear receptor molecular signals. In general, extent of the PFAA toxicity corresponds to chain lengths of the chemical, which likely reflects the pharmacokinetic properties of these fluorochemicals as well as their potency of actions. This abstract does not necessarily reflect US EPA policy.
Recent laboratory studies have indicated a host of adverse health effects associated with exposure to PFAAs; these include carcinogenicity, hepatotoxicity, developmental toxicity, immunotoxicity, neurotoxicity and endocrine disruption.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB
TOXICOLOGY ASSESSMENT DIVISION
DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICOLOGY BRANCH