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Environmental Effects of Pervious Pavement as a Low Impact Development Installation in Urban Regions - Chapter 13
Rowe, A. A., M. BORST, AND T. O'CONNOR. Environmental Effects of Pervious Pavement as a Low Impact Development Installation in Urban Regions - Chapter 13. Chapter 14, Ni-Bin Chang (ed.), Effects of Urbanization on Groundwater: An Engineering Case-based Approach for Sustainable Development . American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Reston, VA, LC call# D657.E5:395 p,9780784410783, (2010).
To inform the public.
Pervious pavement systems can be used to reduce stormwater runoff volume and are efficient at removing solids from runoff; however, the pollutant removal efficiency for nutrients, metals, and organic contaminants is yet to be determined due to either a lack of data or inconsistent results. Groundwater recharge through the use of pervious pavement systems has not been proven, although runoff infiltration to underlying soils has been shown under certain conditions. The potential for groundwater contamination through the infiltration of runoff through pervious pavement is dependent on the stressor of interest, its mobility, its concentration in runoff, and its partitioning in runoff (dissolved or particle-bound). Every site is different and care should be taken to examine site conditions, underlying soil characteristics, and local climate prior to determining if the installation of pervious pavement would be an appropriate best management practice for stormwater management at a particular location.
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Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION
URBAN WATERSHED MANAGEMENT BRANCH