Science Inventory

Fetal malformations and early embryonic gene expression response in cynomolgus monkeys maternally exposed to thalidomide

Citation:

Ema, M., R. Ise, H. Kato, S. Oneda, A. Hirose, M. Hirata-Koizumi, A. V. SINGH, T. B. KNUDSEN, AND T. Ihara. Fetal malformations and early embryonic gene expression response in cynomolgus monkeys maternally exposed to thalidomide. REPRODUCTIVE TOXICOLOGY. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 29(1):49-56, (2010).

Impact/Purpose:

These findings show that thalidomide exposure perturbs a general program of morphoregulatory processes in the monkey embryo. Bioinformatics analysis of early thalidomide embryome has now identified many key pathways implicated in thalidomide embryopathy, and has also revealed some novel processes that can help unravel the mechanism of this important developmental phenotype.

Description:

The present study was performed to determine experimental conditions for thalidomide induction of fetal malformations and to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying thalidomide teratogenicity in cynomolgus monkeys. Cynomolgus monkeys were orally administered (±)-thalidomide at 15 or 20 mg/kg/day on days 26-28 of gestation, and fetuses were examined on day 80 of gestation. Limb defects such as micromelia/amelia, paw/foot hyperflexion, polydactyly, syndactyly, and brachydactyly were observed in seven of eight fetuses. Cynomolgus monkeys were orally administered thalidomide at 20 mg/kg on day 26 of gestation, and whole embryos were removed from the dams 6 h after administration. Three embryos each were obtained from the thalidomide-treated and control groups. Total RNA was isolated from individual embryos, amplified to biotinylated cRNA and hybridized to a custom Non-Human Primate (NHP) GeneChip® Array. Altered genes were clustered into genes that were up-regulated (1,281 genes) and down-regulated (1,081 genes) in thalidomide-exposed embryos. Functional annotation by Gene Ontology (GO) categories revealed up-regulation of actin cytoskeletal remodeling and insulin signaling, and down-regulation of pathways for vasculature development and the inflammatory response. These findings show that thalidomide exposure perturbs a general program of morphoregulatory processes in the monkey embryo. Bioinformatics analysis of early thalidomide embryome has now identified many key pathways implicated in thalidomide embryopathy, and has also revealed some novel processes that can help unravel the mechanism of this important developmental phenotype

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 01/01/2010
Record Last Revised: 09/16/2010
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 209899