Science Inventory

PHOTOCATALYTIC TIO2 FILMS AND MEMBRANES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF EFFICIENT WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND REUSE SYSTEMS

Citation:

CHOI, H., M. G. ANTONIOU, A. A. DELACRUZ, E. STATHATOS, AND D. D. DIONYSIOU. PHOTOCATALYTIC TIO2 FILMS AND MEMBRANES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF EFFICIENT WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND REUSE SYSTEMS. DESALINATION. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 202(1-3):199-206, (2006).

Impact/Purpose:

The major objective for this task is to develop analytical methods to detect problematic cyanotoxins in water. A preconcentration/extraction procedure will be initially developed to remove interfering substances with the detection of cyanotoxins in various water matrices. These methods will be used to determine the occurrence/prevalence of cyanotoxins in water and in the cyanobacterial cell culture collection in-house, and compare with the effectiveness of innovative detection methods developed for biological toxins.

Description:

In order to develop efficient photocatalytic TiO2 films and membranes for application in water and wastewater treatment and reuse systems, there is a great need to tailor-design the structural properties of TiO2 material and enhance its photocatalytic activity. Through a simple sol-gel route, employing self-assembled surfactant molecules as pore directing agents along with acetic acid-based sol-gel route, we have fabricated nanostructured crystalline TiO2 thin films and TiO2/Al2O3 composite membranes with simultaneous photocatalytic, disinfection, separation, and anti-biofouling properties. The highly porous TiO2 material exhibited high specific surface area and porosity,narrow pore size distribution, homogeneity without cracks and pinholes, active anatase crystal phase, and small crystallite size. These TiO2 materials were highly efficient in the decomposition of methylene blue dye and creatinine, destruction of biological toxins (microcystin-LR), and inactivation of pathogenic microorganisms (Escherichia coli). Moreover, the photocatalytic TiO2 membranes exhibited not only high water permeability and sharp polyethylene glycol retention but also less adsorption fouling tendency. Here, we report results on the synthesis, characterization, and environmental application and implication of photocatalytic TiO2 films and membranes.

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT ( JOURNAL/ PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 01/05/2007
Record Last Revised: 09/28/2007
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 167464