Science Inventory

PARTNERING TO IMPROVE HUMAN EXPOSURE METHODS

Citation:

MEDINA-VERA, M., S. L. HARPER, A. B. LINDSTROM, R. L. SEILA, AND J. M. STARR. PARTNERING TO IMPROVE HUMAN EXPOSURE METHODS. Presented at EPA Science Forum 2005, Washington, DC, May 16 - 18, 2005.

Impact/Purpose:

The objective of this task is to develop state-of-the-science methods for evaluating toxic elements. These methods will include measuring bioavailable concentrations of toxic elements as well as enhanced traditional methods. Once established, the performance of these methods will be demonstrated on a small set of samples. Procedures will be documented such that they are readily transferable to EPA and non-EPA researchers.

Specific objectives of this task include:

1) Development of more sensitive and rapid quantitative procedures for evaluating exposure to toxic elements.

2) Assessment of the bioavailability of toxic elements in environmental media using bioavailability tools.

3) Application of this data to improve the scientific basis of site and source specific risk assessments.

4) Application of these methods to fill critical data gaps identified in the aggregate/cumulative exposure and risk research area of the Human Health Risk Assessment research plan.

Description:

Methods development research is an application-driven scientific area that addresses programmatic needs. The goals are to reduce measurement uncertainties, address data gaps, and improve existing analytical procedures for estimating human exposures. Partnerships have been developed across NERL, ORD, regions, program offices, and federal agencies to integrate research and maximize resources. Data produced by these methods are used to perform risk assessments, support regulatory decisions, and populate databases that inform the general public.

Examples of NERL partnerships include: (1) Developing new methods for assessing exposures to chromated copper arsenate (CCA) with the National Risk Management Laboratory, the Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP), and the Consumer Product Safety Commission; (2) Collaboration on analytical methods for perfluorinated compounds with the National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL) to support exposure data needs for the Office of Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxics; (3) Collaborations with Regions 3, 4 & 5 to provide tools to states and local governments for alkylphenols analyses and alternative methods to the current toxic organics methods; (4) State collaborations: Detroit Exposure and Aerosol Research Study integrates work among U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, and the University of Michigan. Data will support development of a criteria document and human health protective standards for particulate matter (PM), components, and air toxics; (5) Nationwide collaborations: American Healthy Homes Survey (AHHS) is a collaboration among NERL, Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT), and the Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control/U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to perform a national survey of housing-related hazards. NERL provides exposure methods for analytes such as pesticides, perfluorinated compounds, and arsenic associated with the presence of CCA-treated wood. The data will be included in the first national residential multi-parameter database.

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Product Published Date: 05/17/2005
Record Last Revised: 06/21/2006
Record ID: 131311

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY

HUMAN EXPOSURE AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES DIVISION

METHODS DEVELOPMENT & APPLICATION BRANCH