EPA Science Inventory

Rat sperm motility analysis: methodologic considerations

Citation:

Slott, V. L., J D. Suarez, AND S. D. Perreault. Rat sperm motility analysis: methodologic considerations . REPRODUCTIVE TOXICOLOGY. Pergamon Press Ltd., New York, NY, 5(5):449 - 458, (1991).

Impact/Purpose:

The objective of these studies was to optimize conditions for computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) of rat epididymal spermatozoa.

Description:

The objective of these studies was to optimize conditions for computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) of rat epididymal spermatozoa. Methodologic issues addressed include sample collection technique, sampling region within the epididymis, type of diluent medium used, and sample chamber depth. In addition, sources of variation were identified and accuracy of the analysis was examined. All samples in this report were analyzed using a Hamilton Thorn Motility Analyzer (HTM-2000; Hamilton Thorn Research, Danvers, MA). We found that allowing the sperm to swim out from cuts made in the distal cauda epididymidis yielded samples with percentages of motile sperm 60% higher than samples collected using an aspiration method. Furthermore, sperm isolated from the distal cauda epididymidis exhibited slightly but significantly greater percentages of motile sperm and swimming speeds than sperm isolated from the proximal cauda epididymidis. Of the four motility media examined, all maintained a high percentage of motile sperm over an hour-long incubation period, but Medium 199 and modified Hanks' Balanced Salt supported substantially greater sperm velocity than Dulbecco's Phosphate Buffered Saline (with Ca++ and Mg++), with or without glucose. Motility and velocity endpoints were comparable in 200-, 100-, or 40-micron deep chambers, but significantly lower in 20-micron-deep chambers. Since these and presumably other variables in the preparation and analysis of rat sperm do influence the assessed motility endpoints, it is important to standardize these methods and to consider these issues when interpreting CASA data.

URLs/Downloads:

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Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 11/01/1991
Record Last Revised: 12/27/2007
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 112752

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

REPRODUCTIVE TOXICOLOGY DIVISION

GAMETE AND EARLY EMBRYO BIOLOGY BRANCH