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UTILIZATION OF DOC FROM SEAGRASS RHIZOMES BY SEDIMENT BACTERIA: 13C TRACER EXPERIMENTS AND MODELLING
Kaldy, J E., P M. Eldridge, L. A. CIFUENTES, AND W. JONES. UTILIZATION OF DOC FROM SEAGRASS RHIZOMES BY SEDIMENT BACTERIA: 13C TRACER EXPERIMENTS AND MODELLING. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES. Inter-Research, Luhe, Germany, 317:41-55, (2006).
To investigate the linkage between seagrass rhizosphere carbon exudation and sediment bacteria
Seagrasses are widely recognized as contributing to net ecosystem primary production and to supporting heterotrophy in estuarine systems. We investigated the linkage between seagrass (Thalassia testudinum) rhizosphere carbon exudation and sediment bacteria. In microcosms, we simulated summer conditions and enriched the water column DIC (dissolved inorganic carbon) pool with 13C, then followed the tracer into the sediment porewater DOC (dissolved inorganic carbon) and the bacterial biomarkers (phospholipid fatty acid, PLFA's). Subsequently, we developed an inverse analysis of the seagrass microcosm system and calculated the flux of carbon between biological and geochemical compartments. After 18 d, the bacterial pool was enriched by about ¿ +4¿, while the DOC pool was enriched by about ¿ +50 to +60¿. We estimate that about 15 to 30% of gross primary production was exuded from the root/rhizome and that this accounts for about 41 to 61% of the carbon required by sediment bacteria. Mineralization of detrital seagrass leaf material or refractory seagrass DOC rhizodeposition may account for the other 38 to 59% of the bacterial carbon demand. We suggest that the sediment in the seagrass rhizosphere rapidly utilize labile DOC and, consequently, build up 13C label in the refractory DOC pool. Our results conclusively show a direct linkage between seagrass carbon exudation and sediment biogeochemical processes.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY
WESTERN ECOLOGY DIVISION
PACIFIC COASTAL ECOLOGY BRANCH