EPA Science Inventory

PRESERVATIVE LEACHING FROM WEATHERED CCA-TREATED WOOD

Citation:

Townsend, T. G., B. Dubey, T. Tolaymat, AND H. SoloGabriele. PRESERVATIVE LEACHING FROM WEATHERED CCA-TREATED WOOD. A. Gill (ed.), JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 75(2):105-113, (2005).

Description:

Disposal of discarded CCA-treated wood in landfills raises concerns with respect to leaching of preservative compounds. When unweathered CCA-treated wood is leached using the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), arsenic concentrations exceed the toxicity characteristic (TC) limit of 5 mg/L in most cases. The majority of discarded CCA-treated wood, however, results from demolition activities, where the wood has typically been subjected to weathering. Since preservatives do migrate from the wood during its normal use, leaching characteristics of weathered and aged CCA-treated wood may differ from unweathered wood. To evaluate this, CCA-treated wood removed from service after various degrees of weathering was collected from multiple sources and leached with the TCLP, the synthetic precipitation leaching procedure (SPLP) and California's waste extraction test (WET). Five to seven individual pieces of wood were analyzed from each source. The average TCLP arsenic concentration for the 14 sources ranged from 3.2 mg/L to 13 mg/L. The average TCLP concentrations of the 100 wood pieces tested were 6.4, 5.9, and 3.2 mg/L for arsenic, copper, and chromium, respectively. SPLP leachate concentrations were similar to TCLP concentrations, although copper leached somewhate more with the TCLP. WET leachate concentrations were approximately a factor of 10 higher than TCLP concentrations. Discarded CCA-treated wood, even after exposure to years of weathering, often exceeds the TC limit for arsenic and without the current regulatory exemption would possibly require management as a TC hazardous waste in the US.

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Start Date: 04/01/2005
Completion Date: 04/01/2005
Record Last Revised: 11/10/2005
Record Created: 12/08/2004
Record Released: 12/08/2004
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 104654

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

LAND REMEDIATION AND POLLUTION CONTROL DIVISION

WASTE MANAGEMENT BRANCH