Science Inventory

UNDERSTANDING VARIATION IN PARTITION COEFFICIENT KD, VALUES, VOLUME III: AMERICIUM, ARSENIC, CURIUM, IODINE, NEPTUNIUM, RADIUM, AND TECHNETIUM

Citation:

UNDERSTANDING VARIATION IN PARTITION COEFFICIENT KD, VALUES, VOLUME III: AMERICIUM, ARSENIC, CURIUM, IODINE, NEPTUNIUM, RADIUM, AND TECHNETIUM. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., 1997.

Impact/Purpose:

Increase the understanding of variation in partition Kd values, assess the literature values, and analyze the chemical mechanisms responsible for mobility.

Description:

This report describes the conceptualization, measurement, and use of the partition (or distribution) coefficient, Kd, parameter, and the geochemical aqueous solution and sorbent properties that are most important in controlling adsorption/retardation behavior of selected contaminants. It discusses the technical issues associated with the measurement of Kd values and its use in formulating the retardation factor, Rf. The Kd concept and methods for measurement of Kd values are discussed in detail. It also provides a "thumb-nail sketch" of the key geochemical processes affecting the sorption of selected inorganic contaminants, and a summary of Kd values given in the literature for these contaminants under oxidizing conditions. The contaminants chosen for the first phase of this project include chromium, cadmium, cesium, lead, plutonium, radon, strontium, thorium, tritium (3H), and uranium. Important aqueous speciation, (co)precipitation/dissolution, and adsorption reactions are discussed for each contaminant. References to related key experimental and review articles for further reading are also listed. EPA 402-R-04-002C

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PUBLISHED REPORT/REPORT)
Product Published Date: 07/30/2004
Record Last Revised: 07/26/2006
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 73908

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF AIR AND RADIATION

OFFICE OF RADIATION AND INDOOR AIR

RADIATION PROTECTION DIVISION