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RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS IN BIOSOLIDS: DOSE MODELING
WOLBARST, A., W. CHIU, C. YU, K. AIELLO, J. T. BACHMAIER, R. BASTIAN, J. J. CHENG, J. GOODMAN, R. HOGAN, A. R. JONES, S. KAMBOJ, T. LENHARTT, W R. OTT, A. RUBIN, S. N. SALOMON, D. W. SCHMIDT, AND L. SETLOW. RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS IN BIOSOLIDS: DOSE MODELING. HEALTH PHYSICS. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA, 90(1):16-30, (2006).
To describe the ISCORS methodology for assessing radiation doses associated with various activities involving sewage sludge and ash.
The Interagency Steering Committee on Radiation Standards (ISCORS) has recently completed a study of the occurrence within the United States of radioactive materials in sewage sludge and sewage incineration ash. One component of that effort was an examination of the possible transport of radioactivity from sludge into the local environment, and the subsequent exposure of humans. A stochastic environmental pathway model was applied separately to seven hypothetical, generic sludge-release scenarios, leading to the creation of seven tables of Dose-to-Source Ratios (DSR), which can be used in translating from specific activity in sludge into dose to an individual. These DSR values were then combined with the results of an ISCORS survey of sludge and ash at more than 300 publicly owned treatment works (POTWs), to explore the potential for radiation exposure of sludge workers and members of the public.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF AIR AND RADIATION
OFFICE OF RADIATION AND INDOOR AIR
RADIATION PROTECTION DIVISION