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Aging: Characteristics, Exposure Factors, Epigenetics, and Assessment of Health Risks of Older Adults
Sykes, K., J. Moya, L. Phillips, C. Penalva-Arana, AND S. Gilbert. Aging: Characteristics, Exposure Factors, Epigenetics, and Assessment of Health Risks of Older Adults. Chapter 23, Anna M. Fan, Elaine M. Khan, George V. Alexeeff (ed.), Toxicology and Risk Assessment. Pan Stafford Publishing Pte Ltd, Singapore, Malaysia, , 1029-1086, (2015).
Aging and Toxicology (Invited Chapter On Aging Submitted for Publication in “Toxicology and Risk Assessment, Principles and Applications,” Fan A.M., Khan E.M., and Alexeeff G.V., Eds.)
This chapter is organized into three sections. The first part describes the characteristics of the older adult population and the U.S. EPA’s efforts to protect elders form environmental hazards. Section II covers available exposure factor data, activity pattern and the potential grouping for the characterization of older adults for risk assessments. The final section addresses how epigenetics can affect physiological pathways and impact a person’s risk and susceptibility to environmental challenges. A separate related chapter addressed the older worker, Occupational Health and Safety Risks for the Aging Worker.