Science Inventory

DETECTION OF GIARDIA IN ENVIRONMENTAL WATERS BY IMMUNO-PCR AMPLIFICATION METHODS

Citation:

Mahbubani, M. H., F. Schaefer, D. D. Jones, AND A. K. Bej. DETECTION OF GIARDIA IN ENVIRONMENTAL WATERS BY IMMUNO-PCR AMPLIFICATION METHODS. Current Microbiology 36(2):107-113, (1998).

Description:

Genomic DNA was extracted either directly from Giardia muris cysts seeded into environmental surface waters or from cysts isolated by immunomagnetic beads (IMB}. A 0.171-kbp segment of the giardin gene was PCR-amplified following "direct extraction" of Giardia DNA from seeded Cahaba river water concentrate with moderate turbidity {780 JTU's}, but DNA purified from seeded Colorado river water concentrates with high turbidity (2 x 10 JTUs) failed to amplify. However, if the cysts were first separated by the IMB approach from seeded Cahaba or Colorado river waters, and the DNA released by a freeze-boil Chelex 100 treatment, detection of G. muris by PCR amplification could be achieved at a sensitivity of 3 x 10 or 3 x 10 cysts/m1, respectively. If, however, the G. muris cysts used to seed even moderately turbid river waters (780 JTUs) were formalin treated (which is conventionally used for microscopic examination), neither direct extraction nor IMB purification methods yielded amplifiable DNA. Use of immunomagnetic beads to separate Giardia cysts from complex matrices of environmental surface waters followed by DNA release and PCR amplification of the target giardin gene improved the reliability of detection of this pathogen with the required sensitivity.

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 02/01/1998
Record Last Revised: 12/22/2005
Record ID: 14200