Science Inventory

CAPILLARY ISOELECTRIC FOCUSING (CIEF) FOR THE CHARACTERIZATION OF HUMIC SUBSTANCES

Citation:

Schmitt, P., A. Garrison, D. Freitag, AND A. Kettrup. CAPILLARY ISOELECTRIC FOCUSING (CIEF) FOR THE CHARACTERIZATION OF HUMIC SUBSTANCES. Water Research 31(8):2037-2049, (1997).

Description:

Preparative solution isoelectric focusing was used to fractionate 50 mg of a soil fulvic acid (FA); the harvested fractions were characterized with UV-Vis spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography and capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and showed a distribution in the created pH gradient of the focused fulvic fractions as a function of their molecular weight. Borate complexation was used in CZE to compare the relative acidities of the harvested fractions. Only 32% of the total FA did not interact with the used ampholytes (precipitation), and this FA fraction was mainly composed of low-molecular-weight compounds as shown with CZE. A capillary-free solution isoelectric focusing (CIEF) method was then adapted to the analysis of the same FA, and parallelisms were found in the repartition of the focused fulvic fractions. The potential of capillary electrophoresis in the isoelectric focusing mode (CIEF) is the rapidity of the analysis (40 min) and the use of samples in the microliters range; CIEF was used to characterize humic substances from different natural environments.

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 01/01/1997
Record Last Revised: 12/22/2005
Record ID: 10465

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT