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QUANTIFICATION OF TRANSGENIC PLANT MARKER GENE PERSISTENCE IN THE FIELD
Widmer, F., R. Seidler, K. K. Donegan, AND G. L. Reed. QUANTIFICATION OF TRANSGENIC PLANT MARKER GENE PERSISTENCE IN THE FIELD. Molecular Ecology 6(1):1-7, (1997).
Methods were developed to monitor persistence of genomic DNA in decaying plants in the field. As a model, we used recombinant neomycin phosphotransferase II (rNPT-II) marker genes present in genetically engineered plants. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers were designed, complementary to 20-bp sequences of the nopaline synthase promoter in a transgenic tobacco and the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter in a transgenic potato. The PCR reverse primer was complementary to a 20-bp sequence of the N-terminal NPT-II coding region. The PCR protocol allowed for quantification of as few as 10 rNPT-II genes per reaction. We analysed rNPT-II marker gene amounts in samples obtained from two field experiments performed at different locations in Oregon. In transgenic tobacco leaves, buried at 10 cm depth in a field plot in Corvallis, marker DNA amount dropped to 0.36% during the first 14 days and was detectable for 77 days at a final level of 0.06% of the initial amount. Monitoring of residual potato plant litter, from the soil surface of a test field in Hermiston, was performed for 137 days. After 84 days marker gene amounts dropped to 2.74% (leaf and stem) and 0.50% (tuber) of the initially detected amount. At the final sample date 1.98% (leaf and stem) and 0.19% (tuber) were detectable. These results represent the first quantitative analysis of plant DNA stability under field conditions and indicate that a proportion of the plant genomic DNA may persist in the field for several months.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT