Science Inventory

LIFE CYCLE DESIGN OF AMORPHOUS SILICON PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES

Citation:

Lewis, G. M. AND G. A. Keoleian. LIFE CYCLE DESIGN OF AMORPHOUS SILICON PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/R-97/081 (NTIS PB97-193106), 1997.

Impact/Purpose:

information

Description:

The life cycle design framework was applied to photovoltaic module design. The primary objective of this project was to develop and evaluate design metrics for assessing and guiding the Improvement of PV product systems. Two metrics were used to assess life cycle energy performance of a PV module: energy payback time and electricity production efficiency. These metrics are based on material production, manufacturing, and transportation energies, and were evaluated for several geographic locations. An aluminum frame is responsible for a significant fraction of the total energy invested in the module studied. Design options to reduce the energy impact of this and other components are discussed

URLs/Downloads:

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Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PUBLISHED REPORT/REPORT)
Product Published Date: 11/20/1997
Record Last Revised: 08/13/2008
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 90427

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY DIVISION

SYSTEMS ANALYSIS BRANCH