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LIFE CYCLE DESIGN OF MILK AND JUICE PACKAGING
Keoleian, G. A., D. Spitzley, AND J. McDaniel. LIFE CYCLE DESIGN OF MILK AND JUICE PACKAGING. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/SR-97/082 (NTIS PB98-100423), 1997.
A life cycle design demonstration project was initiated between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Dow Chemical Company, and the University of Michigan to investigate milk and juice packagie design. The primary objective of this project was to develop design metrics and guidelines for environmental improvement of milk and juice packaging systems. Material production energy accounted for a large portion of the total life cycle energy for these systems. Conversely, post-consumer waste was responsible for a majority of their life cycle solid waste generation. Packaging systems were also evaluated with respect to key performance criteria, life cycle costs, and regulatory trends at the local, state and national levels. Environmentally preferable containers were identified, and tradeoffs and correlations between design criteria were highlighted.
URLs/Downloads:LIFE CYCLE DESIGN OF MILK AND JUICE PACKAGING
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (SUMMARY)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY DIVISION
SYSTEMS ANALYSIS BRANCH