Science Inventory

LIFE CYCLE DESIGN OF MILK AND JUICE PACKAGING

Citation:

Keoleian, G. A., D. Spitzley, AND J. McDaniel. LIFE CYCLE DESIGN OF MILK AND JUICE PACKAGING. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/SR-97/082 (NTIS PB98-100423), 1997.

Impact/Purpose:

information

Description:

A life cycle design demonstration project was initiated between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Dow Chemical Company, and the University of Michigan to investigate milk and juice packagie design. The primary objective of this project was to develop design metrics and guidelines for environmental improvement of milk and juice packaging systems. Material production energy accounted for a large portion of the total life cycle energy for these systems. Conversely, post-consumer waste was responsible for a majority of their life cycle solid waste generation. Packaging systems were also evaluated with respect to key performance criteria, life cycle costs, and regulatory trends at the local, state and national levels. Environmentally preferable containers were identified, and tradeoffs and correlations between design criteria were highlighted.

URLs/Downloads:

LIFE CYCLE DESIGN OF MILK AND JUICE PACKAGING

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (SUMMARY)
Product Published Date: 10/01/1997
Record Last Revised: 08/13/2008
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 90416

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY DIVISION

SYSTEMS ANALYSIS BRANCH