You are here:
EMISIONES AL AIRE DE LA COMBUSTION DE LLANTAS USADAS (SPANISH VERSION)
Reisman, J. EMISIONES AL AIRE DE LA COMBUSTION DE LLANTAS USADAS (SPANISH VERSION). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/R-97/115a (NTIS PB99-150948), 1997.
The report discusses air emissions from two types of scrap tire combustion: uncontrolled and controlled. Uncontrolled sources are open tire fires, which produce many unhealthful products of incomplete combustion and release them directly into the atmosphere. Controlled combustion sources (combustors) include boilers and kilns specifically designed for efficient combustion of solid fuel. Very little data exist for devices that are not well-designed and use scrap tires for fuel. These sources include fireplaces, wood stoves, small kilns, small incinerators, or any device with poor combustion characteristics. Air emissions from these types of devices are likely between those of open burning and a combustor. However, there is a serious concern that the emissions are much more similar to those of an open tire fire than a combustor. Open tire fires are discussed. Data from a laboratory test program on uncontrolled burning of tire pieces and ambient monitoring at open tire fires are presented and the emissions are characterized. Mutagenic emission data from open burning of scrap tires are compared to mutagenic data for other fuels from both controlled and uncontrolled combustion. A list of 34 target compounds representing the highest potential for health impacts from open tire fires is presented. The list can be used to design an air monitoring plan to evaluate health risk potential.