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SUSTAINABILITY OF INSECT RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR TRANSGENIC BT CORN
Glaser, J A. AND S. Matten. SUSTAINABILITY OF INSECT RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR TRANSGENIC BT CORN. Chakrabarty, A., Olguin, E., Anderson, W. (ed.), BIOTECHNOLOGY ADVANCES. Elsevier Online, New York, NY, 22(1-2):45-69, (2003).
Increasing interest in the responsible management of technology in the industrial and agricultural sectors of the economy has been met through the development of broadly applicable tools to assess the "sustainability" of new technologies. An arena ripe for application of such analysis is the deployment of transgenic crops. The new transgenic pesticidal or plant-incorporated protectant (PIP) crops have seen wide spread application in the U.S. based on the features of higher yield, lower applications of insecticides, and control of mycotoxin content. However, open rejection of these new crops in Europe and in other countries has been a surprising message and has limited their worldwide acceptance. The USEPA's Office of Pesticide Programs has worked on the development and analysis of insect resistance management (IRM) strategies and has mandated specific IRM requirements for Bt (Bacillus thruingiensis) crops since 1995 under the Food, Fungicide, Insecticide and Rodenticide Act. Improvement of data quality and sustainability of IRM strategies have been targeted in an ongoing partnership between the UDEPA ORD and OPP that will further enhance the Agency's ability to develop sustainable insect resistance managment strategies for transgenic field corn (Bt corn) producing Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) insecticidal proteins.