Science Inventory

ARSENIC REMOVAL FROM DRINKING WATER BY COAGULATION/FILTRATION AND LIME SOFTENING PLANTS

Citation:

Fields, K., A. Chen, AND L. Wang. ARSENIC REMOVAL FROM DRINKING WATER BY COAGULATION/FILTRATION AND LIME SOFTENING PLANTS. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/R-00/063 (NTIS PB2001-100152), 2000.

Impact/Purpose:

information

Description:

This report documents a long term performance (one year) study of 3 water treatment plants to remove arsenic from drinking water sources. The 3 plants consisted of 2 conventional coagulation/filtration plants and 1 lime softening plant. The study involved the collecting of weekly water samples through each treatment train. Every fourth week, the water samples were speciated for As III and As V. Residuals samples were also colected at each facility during a 2 month period for Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedures (TCLP) testing. One coagulation/filtration plant reduced the source water arsenic concentraton from about 8 ug/L to <4 ug/L (52% removal) while the second plant reduced the arsenic from about 19 ug/L to 4 ug/L (79% removal). Adsorption and coprecipitation iron and aluminum floc were believed to be the removal mechanisms. The lime softening facility reduced its source water arsenic concentration from 32 ug/L to about 16 ug/L (45% removal). Adsorption and coprecipitation with the iron that was present in the source water was concluded to be the primary removal mechanism because the plant operated at a pH of 9.6. At this pH, arsenic removal by lime softening is reported to be < 10%. Higher removal could have been likely achieved if the plant operated at a pH >11. All of the sludge samples collected at the 3 plants passed the TCLP testing limits for arsenic and therefore, were considered nonhazardous. This project was conducted to support the revision of the arsenic MCL as required by the USEPA under the 1996 SDWAA.

URLs/Downloads:

ARSENIC REMOVAL FROM DRINKING WATER BY COAGULATION/FILTRATION AND LIME SOFTENING PLANTS

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PUBLISHED REPORT/REPORT)
Product Published Date: 06/01/2000
Record Last Revised: 08/24/2011
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 63171