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Adapting Water Infrastructure to Non-stationary Climate Changes
Yang, J. AND K. Metchis. Adapting Water Infrastructure to Non-stationary Climate Changes. Chapter 12, Sustainable Water Management (Volume I). CRC Press - Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, Boca Raton, FL, , 307-339, (2016).
Communicate to science community and practitioners on the climate change adaptation to increase water infrastructure resilience by adaptation design
Water supply and sanitation are carried out by three major types of water infrastructure: drinking water treatment and distribution, wastewater collection and treatment, and storm water collection and management. Their sustainability is measured by resilience against and adaptability to an evolving factor; here it refers to the change of climate and its hydrologic impacts. The term resilience is defined as the ability to repair and recover its physical state and service function under the impacts of external forces (Milman and Short, 2008; McDaniels et al., 2008). In this context, capacity reserve (CR) is one very important physical attribute of system’s resilience; further details will be described later in this section and in the subsequent Chapter 1.7. While service function of a water infrastructure varies geographically among municipalities, its general engineering and management follow a triple bottom line of objectives: system reliability, environmental sustainability, and engineering economics.