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Marginal abatement cost curve for NOx incorporating controls, renewable electricity, energy efficiency and fuel switching
Loughlin, Dan, K. Kaufman, AND A. Macpherson. Marginal abatement cost curve for NOx incorporating controls, renewable electricity, energy efficiency and fuel switching. In Proceedings, A&WMA 2015 Annual Conference & Exhibition, Raleigh, NC, June 22 - 25, 2015. Air and Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, PA, 1-9, (2015).
This work illustrates how MACCs can be developed for NOx and other pollutants using an energy system model. The resulting MACC incorporates not only end-of-pipe controls but also renewable electricity, energy efficiency and fuel switching measures. Ultimately, followup research is intended to support states in developing State Implementation Plans that account for these alternative measures.
A marginal abatement cost curve (MACC) traces out the relationship between the quantity of pollution abated and the marginal cost of abating each additional unit. In the context of air quality management, MACCs typically are developed by sorting end-of-pipe controls by their respective cost effectiveness. Alternative measures, such as renewable electricity, energy efficiency, and fuel switching (RE/EE/FS), typically are not considered as it is difficult to quantify their abatement potential. In this paper, we demonstrate the use of an energy system model to develop a MACC for nitrogen oxides (NOx) that incorporates both end-of-pipe controls and these measures. We decompose the MACC by sector, and evaluate the cost-effectiveness of RE/EE/FS. RE/EE/FS are shown to produce emission reductions after end-of-pipe controls have been exhausted. Furthermore, some RE/EE/FS are shown to be cost-competitive with end-of-pipe controls.
MANUSCRIPT_MACCS_V2_021315.PDF (PDF,NA pp, 90.194 KB, about PDF)
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL DIVISION
ATMOSPHERIC PROTECTION BRANCH