Science Inventory

Phosphate Adsorption using Modified Iron Oxide-based Sorbents in Lake Water: Kinetics, Equilibrium, and Column Tests

Citation:

Lalley, J., C. Han, X. Li, D. Dionysiou, AND M. Nadagouda. Phosphate Adsorption using Modified Iron Oxide-based Sorbents in Lake Water: Kinetics, Equilibrium, and Column Tests. Chemical Engineering Journal. Elsevier BV, AMSTERDAM, Netherlands, 284:1386-1396, (2016).

Impact/Purpose:

Nutrient recovery

Description:

Adsorption behavior of Bayoxide ® E33 (E33) and three E33-modified sorbents for the removal of phosphate from lake water was investigated in this study. E33-modified sorbents were synthesized by coating with manganese (E33/Mn) and silver (E33/AgI and E33/AgII) nanoparticles. Adsorbent characterization was done by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), surface area analyzer (BET), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and high resolution TEM (HR-TEM) analysis. Batch, equilibrium, and column experiments were conducted to determine various adsorption parameters. Equilibrium data were fitted to different adsorption isotherms and the Langmuir isotherm provided a best fit. Based on the Langmuir model, it was found that E33/AgII had a slightly higher maximum monolayer adsorption capacity (38.8 mg/g) when compared to unmodified E33 (37.7 mg/g). Data for adsorption kinetics were found to best fit with the pseudo-second-order model, suggesting chemisorption is the mechanism of sorption. Intra-particle diffusion studies indicated that the rate-limiting step for phosphate sorption onto E33 and modified E33 was intra-particle diffusion. The results of this study suggest that the surface of E33 can be modified with nanoparticles to enhance the adsorption and of phosphate from aqueous solutions as well as phosphate desorption for recovery.

URLs/Downloads:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.08.114   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 01/15/2016
Record Last Revised: 12/15/2015
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 310552

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION

WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT BRANCH