Science Inventory

Modeling Two Types of Adaptation to Climate Change

Citation:

Felgenhauer, T. Modeling Two Types of Adaptation to Climate Change. US Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH, 2012.

Impact/Purpose:

This briefing paper seeks to convey research results to a wider policy-relevant audience, via posting on the E3 Foundation website.

Description:

Mitigation and adaptation are the two key responses available to policymakers to reduce the risks of climate change. We model these two policies together in a new DICE-based integrated assessment model that characterizes adaptation as either short-lived flow spending or long-lived depreciable adaptation stock investments. Modeling results show that, although stock adaptation has a distinct advantage over flow adaptation for the simple reason that it is able to lower damages over a longer time period, the optimal portfolio of strategies is a combination of mitigation, flow adaptation, and stock adaptation. We demonstrate that the strategic tradeoff between mitigation and adaptation depends critically on the relative ratio of stock adaptation to flow adaptation, and that this ratio is driven primarily by the degree of substitutability between the adaptation types, the relative shares of stock versus flow (representing the relative effectiveness in the baseline), and on the existence of physical limits on damages that can be reduced by flow-type investments. The exploration of tradeoffs between adaptation and mitigation requires this disaggregation of adaptation by its dynamic properties.

URLs/Downloads:

BRIEFING PAPER - MODELING TWO TYPES OF ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE FINAL2.DOCX

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (SUMMARY)
Product Published Date: 05/09/2012
Record Last Revised: 03/12/2015
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 307190

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL DIVISION

ATMOSPHERIC PROTECTION BRANCH