Science Inventory

Novel Fe-Pd/SiO2 catalytic materials for degradation of chlorinated organic compounds in water

Citation:

Kustov, L., S. Al-Abed, J. Virkutyte, O. Kirichenko, E. Shuvalova, G. Kapustin, I. Mishin, V. Nissenbaum, O. Tkachenko, AND E. Finashina. Novel Fe-Pd/SiO2 catalytic materials for degradation of chlorinated organic compounds in water. Hugh Burrows, Ron Weir, and Jürgen Stohner (ed.), PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY. IUPAC, 86(7):1141-1158, (2014).

Impact/Purpose:

The significance of this research is that novel reactive materials for catalytic degradation of chlorinated organic compounds in water at ambient conditions have been prepared on the basis of silica-supported Pd-Fe nanoparticles. Reduction of the supported precursors in hydrogen resulted in materials that were highly active in perchloroethene (PCE) degradation and 2-chlorobiphenyl (2-ClBP) dechlorination. It was found that highly dispersed amorphous nanosystem showed superior catalytic activity against PCE dechlorination in comparison to the free-standing Fe-Pd nanoparticles.

Description:

Novel reactive materials for catalytic degradation of chlorinated organic compounds in water at ambient conditions have been prepared on the basis of silica-supported Pd-Fe nanoparticles. Nanoscale Fe-Pd particles were synthesized inside porous silica supports using (NH4)3[Fe(C2O4)3] and [Pd(NH3)4]Cl2 or Pd acetate as reaction precursors. According to temperature programmed reduction (TPR) studies, Pd introduction decreased the reduction temperature of the supported Fen+ species and nearly complete reduction with H2 was observed at 400°C. The successful surface loading with Pd was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. Characterization of the samples by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray absorption near-edge structure + extended X-ray absorption fine structure (XANES + EXAFS) verified the presence of highly dispersed Pd0, PdxFe1-x and Fe0 phases. Reduction of the supported precursors in hydrogen resulted in materials that were highly active in perchloroethene (PCE) degradation and 2-chlorobiphenyl (2-ClBP) dechlorination. It was found that highly dispersed amorphous Fe-Pd bimetallic nanoparticles on silica support showed superior catalytic activity against PCE dechlorination in comparison to the free-standing Fe-Pd nanoparticles. For the samples with the same Fe content, the conversion of chlorinated organics as well as the stability increased with the Pd loading, e.g., the most effective degradation of PCEs and 2-ClBP was achieved at a Pd loading of 2.3–3.2 wt. %.

URLs/Downloads:

http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/pac.2014.86.issue-7/pac-2014-020   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 07/31/2014
Record Last Revised: 02/19/2015
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 305830

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

LAND REMEDIATION AND POLLUTION CONTROL DIVISION

WASTE MANAGEMENT BRANCH