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Performance of human fecal anaerobe-associated PCR-based assays in a multi-laboratory method evaluation study
Layton, B. A., Y. Cao, D. L. Ebentier, K. Hanley, E. Balleste, J. Brandao, M. Byappanahalli, R. Converse, A. H. Farnleitner, J. Gentry-Shields, M. L. Gidley, M. Gourmelon, C. Soo Lee, J. Lee, S. Lozach, T. Madi, W. G. Meijer, R. Noble, L. Peed, G. H. Reischer, R. Rodrigues, J. B. Rose, A. Schriewer, C. Sinigalliano, S. Srinivasan, J. Stewart, L. C. Van De Werfhorst, D. Wang, R. Whitman, S. Wuertz, J. Jay, P. A. Holden, A. B. Boehm, O. Shanks, AND J. F. Griffith. Performance of human fecal anaerobe-associated PCR-based assays in a multi-laboratory method evaluation study . WATER RESEARCH. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 47(18):6897-6908, (2013).
Informs public on matters relating to fecal source identification assays for detecting human fecal pollution
A number of PCR-based methods for detecting human fecal material in environmental waters have been developed over the past decade, but these methods have rarely received independent comparative testing. Here, we evaluated ten of these methods (BacH, BacHum-UCD, B. thetaiotaomicron (BtH), BsteriF1, gyrB, HF183 endpoint, HF183 SYBR, HF183 Taqman, HumM2, and M. smithii nifH (Mnif)) using 64 blind samples prepared in one laboratory. The blind samples contained either one or two fecal sources from human, wastewater or non-human sources. The assay results were assessed for presence/absence of the human markers and also quantitatively while varying the following: 1) classification of samples that were detected but not quantifiable (DNQ) as positive or negative; 2) reference fecal sample concentration unit of measure (such as culturable indicator bacteria, wet mass, total DNA, etc); and 3) human fecal source type (stool, sewage or septage). Assay performance using presence/absence results was found to depend on the classification of DNQ samples. The assays that performed best quantitatively varied based on the fecal concentration unit of measure and laboratory protocol. All methods were consistently more sensitive to human stools compared to sewage or septage in both the presence/absence and quantitative analysis. Overall, HF183 Taqman was found to be the most effective marker of human fecal contamination in this California-based study.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION
MICROBIAL CONTAMINANTS CONTROL BRANCH