Science Inventory

Nitrification in Chloraminated Drinking Water Distribution Systems: Factors Affecting Occurrence

Citation:

WAHMAN, D. AND J. G. PRESSMAN. Nitrification in Chloraminated Drinking Water Distribution Systems: Factors Affecting Occurrence. Chapter 15, Satinder Ahuja (ed.), Comprehensive Water Quality and Purification, Vol. 2. Elsevier Inc, Waltham, MA, 2:283-294, (2014). https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-382182-9.00039-6

Impact/Purpose:

To inform the public.

Description:

Drinking water distribution systems with ammonia present from either naturally occurring ammonia or ammonia addition during chloramination are at risk for nitrification. Nitrification in drinking water distribution systems is undesirable and may result in water quality degradation and subsequent non-compliance with existing regulations. Therefore, nitrification control is necessary to maintain water quality in drinking water systems when free ammonia is present. The fundamental processes affecting nitrification occurrence in distribution systems are discussed: (1) chloramine chemistry, (2) nitrifier growth kinetics, and (3) monochloramine inactivation kinetics along with a summary of nitrification monitoring and responses typically implemented at drinking water utilities.

URLs/Downloads:

https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-382182-9.00039-6   Exit

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Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (BOOK CHAPTER)
Product Published Date: 10/21/2013
Record Last Revised: 04/03/2018
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 241606

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION

TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION BRANCH