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Nitrification in Chloraminated Drinking Water Distribution Systems: Factors Affecting Occurrence
WAHMAN, D. AND J. G. PRESSMAN. Nitrification in Chloraminated Drinking Water Distribution Systems: Factors Affecting Occurrence. Chapter 15, Satinder Ahuja (ed.), Comprehensive Water Quality and Purification, Vol. 2. Elsevier Inc, Waltham, MA, 2:283-294, (2014). https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-382182-9.00039-6
To inform the public.
Drinking water distribution systems with ammonia present from either naturally occurring ammonia or ammonia addition during chloramination are at risk for nitrification. Nitrification in drinking water distribution systems is undesirable and may result in water quality degradation and subsequent non-compliance with existing regulations. Therefore, nitrification control is necessary to maintain water quality in drinking water systems when free ammonia is present. The fundamental processes affecting nitrification occurrence in distribution systems are discussed: (1) chloramine chemistry, (2) nitrifier growth kinetics, and (3) monochloramine inactivation kinetics along with a summary of nitrification monitoring and responses typically implemented at drinking water utilities.
Nitrification in Chloraminated Drinking Water Distribution Systems: Factors Affecting Occurrence Exit
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (BOOK CHAPTER)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION
TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION BRANCH