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Sustainable Biomimetic Approach to Nanomaterials and Applications of Nano-Catalysts in Green Synthesis and Environmental Remediation.
VARMA, R. S. Sustainable Biomimetic Approach to Nanomaterials and Applications of Nano-Catalysts in Green Synthesis and Environmental Remediation. Presented at Invited plenary presentation at the International conference, , Agra, INDIA, November 04 - 06, 2011.
To inform EPA
The presentation summarizes our sustainable chemical synthesis activity involving benign alternatives, such as the use of supported reagents, and greener reaction medium in aqueous or solvent-free conditions. The synthesis of heterocyclic compounds, coupling reactions, and a variety of name reactions are the main beneficiaries as exemplified by the synthetic reactions catalyzed by basic water or polystyrene sulfonic acid (PSSA) in aqueous media in conjunction with microwave (MW) irradiation. Vitamins B1, B2, C, and tea and wine polyphenols which function both as reducing and capping agents, provide extremely simple, one-pot, green synthetic methods to bulk quantities of nanomaterials in water. Shape-controlled synthesis of noble nanostructures via MW-assisted spontaneous reduction of noble metal salts using sugars will be presented. A general method has been developed for the cross-linking reaction of poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) with metallic systems; bimetallic systems, and SWNT, MWNT, and C-60. The strategy is extended to the formation of biodegradable carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) composite films with noble anometals; such metal decoration and alignment of carbon nanotubes in CMC is possible using MW approach which also enables the shape-controlled bulk synthesis of Ag and Fe nanorods in poly (ethylene glycol). MW hydrothermal process delivers magnetic nanoferrites and micropine structured catalysts are obtainable in water from readily available metal salts. Sustainable route to nano particles using polyphenols from winery waste, their applications in catalysis, toxicity and environmental remediation will be highlighted.